The University of Arizona
banner
UACOMSC Logo

UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA COLLEGE OF MEDICINE

AT SOUTH CAMPUS OPHTHALMOLOGY Residency PrograM


The University of Arizona College of Medicine at South Campus (UACOMSC) offers a three-year ophthalmology residency program combining clinical training, academic activities, and research opportunities. Two first year positions are available at the PGY-2 level. The program's residents work hand-in-hand with the residents of the University of Arizona College of Medicine Program. Together, the two programs function as a 4-resident per year program with 12 total residents at the University of Arizona.

The program is located in Tucson, Arizona. Tucson is a medium-sized (over 1 million people), sun-belt city where the lifestyle is relaxed, the dress casual, and the cost of living affordable. Leisure activities center around the outdoors and the surrounding desert. The UA is a huge resource and brings many cultural events to the city.

The UA Department of Ophthalmology is a major southwestern referral center. The attending clinical staff consists of six full-time members. There are two full-time research faculty, two full-time optometrists, a large associate staff of volunteer faculty, and a supporting staff of technical personnel. There are three full-time and seven part-time physicians at the Southern Arizona Veterans Administration Health Care System (SAVAHCS). Three affiliated hospitals -- Banner-University Medical Center Tucson (BUMCT), Banner-University Medical Center South (BUMCS) and SAVAHCS -- with active inpatient/outpatient services, as well as research and teaching facilities, are involved in the residency program.

Residents participate in state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic interventions with patients. The residents will interact with the residents of the UA Program, cross-cover for their respective institutions, and share a common didactic program.

Facilities

University Hospital Photo
Banner-University Medical Center
Tucson
 

Consultations, emergency visits, and outpatient surgery are performed at the Banner-University Medical Center Tucson. This facility, located near the campus of the University of Arizona, is adjacent to the University of Arizona College of Medicine, and affords all the benefits of a university teaching hospital. In the hospital, eye rooms are in the inpatient area as well as in the emergency room. A new $400 million hospital tower is currently under construction adjacent to the existing facility and is scheduled to open early 2019. 

New Hospital Tower Photo
New Hospital Tower

Alvernon Clinic Photo
Alvernon Physician Offices    

Consults in the emergency department and inpatient wards at Banner-University Medical Center South are also staffed by University faculty. Outpatient surgery is performed at the facility as well.

South Campus Hospital Photo
Banner-University Medical Center South

VA Photo
Southern Arizona Veterans
Administration Healthcare System

The Southern Arizona Veterans Administration Healthcare System maintains a comprehensive outpatient clinic and inpatient surgical facility. Third year residents spend a majority of their year at the VA and function as the primary surgeon for the vast majority of eye cases at the facility. First and second year residents on various subspecialty rotations also spend significant time in the clinics and operating rooms, and residents from the first two years staff a weekly continuity clinic at the facility.


Academic Program

The foundation of the residency didactic program is weekly rounds and lectures every Friday morning. Residents present clinical cases weekly at grand rounds on Wednesday mornings. The Department also sponsors evening lecture programs with visiting speakers and associate faculty. Both are excellent venues for interaction with the community physicians. Residents take the OKAP exam annually. Second year residents may attend one of the national OKAP review courses. Past resident classes have attended the Wills Review Course held in Philadelphia in early March of each year.

The Department has a 40-person conference room with multimedia capability. There is a resident computer lounge and an on-site library with recent ophthalmic publications and reference texts. The Arizona Health Sciences Library website provides free online access to many textbooks, which includes all subspecialties--atlases, video atlases, general ophthalmology references, differential books, therapy references, etc. Some of these books are the go-to sources for general information on a topic. The Library also provides free online access to numerous ophthalmology journals.


Clinical Training

During the three-year residency, residents assume increasing responsibility for patient care. Beginning residents are closely supervised, and then given increasing autonomy as they demonstrate proficiency and understanding. Residents prepare case presentations, organize journal clubs, and assist in teaching medical students rotating through ophthalmology. In addition, senior residents, with faculty supervision, are expected to supervise and teach junior residents. Faculty are assigned and available for consultation with the residents on all rotations.

Retinoscopy Photo

Slit Lamp Photo

The first year (PGY-2) resident performs complete ocular examinations in the outpatient facilities, becoming proficient in gonioscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy, tonometry, biomicroscopy, refraction, and physiologic testing. The resident rotates through the Alvernon clinics, SAVAHCS for general/continuity clinic and oculoplastics, and the office of Fishkind, Bakewell, Maltzman, Hunter and Associates Eye Care and Surgery Center for refractive surgery. The resident gains extensive experience in evaluating walk-in and emergency patients on a daily basis. The earliest encounters with ocular trauma are during the first year; and there is exposure to the subspecialty services, including glaucoma, cornea and external disease, neuro-ophthalmology, retina, oculoplastics, pediatrics, and contact lenses. The resident begins assisting intraocular surgery during this year, and functions as the primary surgeon for a variety of oculoplastics procedures with faculty supervision.

The second year (PGY-3) resident rotates through general, glaucoma, pediatric, and retina rotations at the Alvernon clinics. The resident rotates in the community at Retina Associates and Cornea Associates. The resident continues participation in a general continuity clinic and oculoplastic surgery at SAVAHCS.

Eye Exam Photo

Surgery Photo

During their third year (PGY-4), the resident serves as Chief Resident for three months and manages clinics at SAVAHCS for nine months. The resident at this stage of training performs high volume surgery with faculty supervision. Based on the problem, the resident's experience, and attending preference, there are successive levels of autonomy. The Chief Resident has responsibility for scheduling clinical and surgical responsibilities for the Department and assists in supervising junior residents. At the conclusion of the third year, the residents are expected to be able to enter practice without direct supervision.


International Experience

We are fortunate to have a faculty member who practices in Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, and who hosts our first year (PGY-2) residents for “Immersion Ophthalmic Spanish” for one to two weeks. The second year (PGY-3) residents participate in an international education experience for one week. This experience allows residents to treat rural and underserved patients.

Kino Bay Photo

Click here to read the newsletter about the second year residents' international experience at Kino Bay from January 6-9, 2016.

 

Research

The faculty of the University of Arizona Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science firmly believe that research experience is essential for developing an appreciation of medical literature and scientific methods. The Department subsidizes residents to present their research at national meetings.

University of Arizona clinical faculty have varied research interests in the areas of cornea, cataract surgery, refractive surgery, myopia, glaucoma, infectious diseases, optics, amblyopia, dry eyes, and neuro-ophthalmology. Our research faculty have special interests in the area of optics, cell biology, glaucoma, and visual development. The Department has a very active clinical studies program with special emphasis in Hispanic and Native American eye conditions. The Department has ongoing collaborations with the University of Arizona College of Optical Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Pharmacology, and Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering.

Optical Sciences Center Photo
College of Optical Sciences

Call

During the first and second year, call is approximately one night per eight days and one weekend per two months taken from home, covering the three affiliated hospitals. During the third year, weekday and weekend call is approximately one day/week in four for surgical backup, again taken from home.


Benefits/Stipend

Residents are employees of Banner Health and receive 20 days of vacation a year, all scheduled through the Chief Resident and Residency Program Director. There are six holidays per year. Other benefits include medical and dental insurance, professional liability insurance, maternity/paternity leave, and lab coats. Stipends for the academic year 2017-2018 are as follows: PGY-2 $57,500; PGY-3 $60,113; PGY-4 $62,936. After one year of employment, residents are eligible for up to a 4% employer match to their 401(k) contributions.

At the University, residents hold designated campus colleague appointments, providing access to the University of Arizona Library and the campus recreation center, as well as other privileges. The program provides residents 10 days per year of sick leave. Educational leave to make presentations at national meetings is available, and, upon Department approval, a travel allotment is provided.


Prerequisites

It is a requirement of the program that residents must have satisfactorily completed a PGY-1 program approved by the ACGME. The University of Arizona requires that foreign medical graduates have a valid ECFMG certificate (at time of application), as well as pass the USMLE. Only J-1 visas are sponsored. The Department does not sponsor H1 visas.


Accreditation

The University of Arizona College of Medicine at South Campus Program is a fully accredited residency program.  The program was reviewed in 2012 and re-accredited through the year 2020.


Application Procedure

We accept applications exclusively through the Central Application Service (CAS) of the Ophthalmology Matching Program. We exclusively use the Central Application Service. The address of the Central Application Service is Ophthalmology Matching Program, PO Box 7584, San Francisco, California 94120, phone (415) 447-0350. Information about the Ophthalmology Matching Program and the application can be obtained on their website at www.sfmatch.org. The application deadline for our residency program beginning in July 2019 is to have the CAS application complete by mid-October.


Resident Selection

Interviews are granted to selected applicants after initial review of completed applications by the faculty. A personal, on-site interview is required. The Ophthalmology Matching Program is used to match all incoming residents.  Interviews are typically held on Friday and Saturday of the second weekend in December.  Each applicant interviews with the full-time clinical faculty, several of the research faculty, and meets all of the current residents.


Internship Opportunities in Tucson

The Tucson Hospitals Medical Education Program (THMEP) offers a transitional year. For more information, contact THMEP at 5301 E. Grant Road, Tucson, Arizona 85712, phone (520) 324-5095, or visit their website (http://www.thmep.com/).

The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Tucson also offers preliminary medicine (http://meded.arizona.edu) and preliminary surgery (http://surgery.arizona.edu) internships to fulfill the PGY-1 training requirement.  These programs must be applied to separately using the ERAS application (https://students-residents.aamc.org).


Faculty

Faculty

Research Interests

Todd Altenbernd , MD
Assistant Professor
Glaucoma
Residency Program Director

 

Salwa Aziz, MD
Assistant Professor
General Ophthalmology/Glaucoma

 

John Christoforidis, MD
Associate Professor
Retina/Vitreous

Dr. Christoforidis' research interests include intravitreal properties of treatments used for macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, systemic effects of intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy, and imaging of retinal vascular occlusions.

Harold E. Cross, MD, PhD
Professor

 

Erin M. Harvey, PhD
Associate Professor
Ophthalmology and Vision Science,
    and Public Health
Visual Development

The research interests of Erin Harvey are vision screening, critical periods for the treatment of amblyopia in children, measurements of visual deficits in children with amblyopia and astigmatism, and visual perception.

Brian S. McKay, PhD
Research Associate Professor
Ophthalmology and Vision Science,
    and Cell Biology and Anatomy
Neurodegenerative Diseases
    of the Eye

Dr. McKay conducts research in RPE transplantation methods for AMD therapy, and protein expression in glaucoma.

Joseph M. Miller, MD, MPH
Professor and Head
Ophthalmology and Vision Science
Professor, Optical Sciences, and Public Health
Visual Development

Dr. Miller's research interests include normal visual development, the treatment of strabismus and amblyopia, the effect of refractive error on visual development, and the development and evaluation of ophthalmic instruments.

Jim T. Schwiegerling, PhD
Associate Professor
Optical Sciences
    and Ophthalmology and Vision Science
Optics

Dr. Schwiegerling's research interests are in the area of optical properties of the eye, including raytracing analysis, corneal topography, and wavefront sensing.  Applications include intraoperative and post-operative measurement of corneal shape and customized ablation for refractive surgery.

Rand W. Siekert, OD
Optometrist
General Eye Exams, Contact Lens Care, including keratoconus, aphakia, and post corneal transplants

Dr. Siekert's interests include refractive surgery, as well as complicated contact lens fitting.

Jordana Smith, MD
Assistant Professor
Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

 

J. Daniel Twelker, OD, PhD
Associate Professor
Ophthalmology and Vision Science,
    and Public Health
Visual Development

Dr. Twelker's research interests include refractive error in Native American children and pediatric refractive problems.

Le Yu , MD
Assistant Professor
Comprehensive Ophthalmology
Director, Medical Student Teaching
    Program

Dr. Yu's interests include complications in cataract surgery, and teaching and assessing competence in cataract surgery.

  

Affiliate/Associate Faculty

Faculty

Location

Brock Bakewell, MD
Cornea and Anterior Segment

Fishkind, Bakewell, Maltzman, Hunter & Associates Eye Care and Surgery Center

Michael Belin, MD
Cornea and External Disease

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Wayne Bixenman, MD
Neuro-ophthalmology

El Dorado Eye Associates

Lansing Brown, MD
Medical Ophthalmology

Banner University Medical Center - Tucson
(Medical Student Teaching, Sight Savers)

Harry Carrozza, MD
Medical Ophthalmology

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Robert M. Dryden, MD
Ophthalmic Plastic
and Reconstructive Surgery

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Kathleen Duerksen, MD
Ophthalmic Plastic
and Reconstructive Surgery

Kathleen M. Duerksen, MD, FACS
Cosmetic and Reconstructive Plastic Surgery

William Fishkind, MD
Medical Ophthalmology

Fishkind, Bakewell, Maltzman, Hunter & Associates Eye Care and Surgery Center

April Harris, MD
Surgical Retina/Vitreous

Retina Associates

Brian Hunter, MD
Comprehensive Ophthalmology

Fishkind, Bakewell, Maltzman, Hunter & Associates Eye Care and Surgery Center

Cameron Javid, MD
Surgical Retina/Vitreous

Retina Associates

Lisa Lane, MD
Comprehensive Ophthalmology

Arizona Eye Consultants
Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Robert Lindberg, DO
Comprehensive Ophthalmology

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System
(Chief, Ophthalmology)

Mikel Lo, MD
Ophthalmic Plastic
and Reconstructive Surgery

About Faces Cosmetic Surgery

Jeff Maltzman, MD
Glaucoma

Fishkind, Bakewell, Maltzman, Hunter & Associates Eye Care and Surgery Center

Ann McColgin, MD
Cornea and External Disease

Cornea Associates

Richard Ober, MD
Medical Retina/Vitreous

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Lynn Polonski, MD
Ophthalmic Plastic
and Reconstructive Surgery

Catalina Eye Care
Banner University Medical Center - Tucson

Thiripurasundari Pugazhendhi, MBBS
Glaucoma

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Maria Ramirez, MD
International Ophthalmology

Oftalmologos Asociados
Nogales, Sonora, Mexico

Margaret Rennels, MD
Ophthalmic Pathology

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Egbert Saavedra, MD
Surgical Retina/Vitreous

Retina Associates

Tanu Thomas, MD
Surgical Retina/Vitreous

Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Patrick Tsai, MD, MHA
Glaucoma

Tucson Eye Care

Roxana Ursea, MD
Cornea and External Disease
Uveitis and Ocular Immunology
Ocular Imaging

Northwest Allied Ophthalmology

Ovette Villavicencio, MD, PhD
Cornea and External Disease

Catalina Eye Care
Southern Arizona VA Healthcare System

Mark Walsh, MD, PhD
Surgical Retina/Vitreous

Retina Associates

Mingwu Wang, MD, PhD
Cornea and External Disease

Cornea Associates

  

Residents

3rd Year Residents (PGY-4)

Jillian Wang, MD
College
:  BS, Case Western University (2006-2010)
Medical School:  Ohio State University College of Medicine (2010-2014)
PGY-1: University of Cincinnati Medical Center (2014-2015)

Samuel Werner, MD
College
:  BS, University of Washington (2007-2009)
Medical School:  University of Washington School of Medicine (2010-2014)
PGY-1: Tucson Hospitals Medical Education Program (THMEP) (2014-2015)

2nd Year Residents (PGY-3)

Colin McInnis, MD
College
:  BA, Carroll College (2007-2011)
Medical School: University of Washington School of Medicine (2011-2015)
PGY-1: Tucson Hospitals Medical Education Program (THMEP) (2015-2016)

Kyla Teramoto, MD
College
:  BS, Santa Clara University (2008-2011)
Medical School:  University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine (2011-2015)
PGY-1: University of Hawaii (2015-2016)

1st Year Residents (PGY-2)

Alex Beazer, MD
College
:  BS, Brigham Young University (2005-2006, 2008-2011)
Medical School:  Tulane University School of Medicine (2012-2016)
PGY-1: Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center (2016-2017)

Jessica Lien, MD
College
:  BS, University of Wisconsin-Madison (2006-2011)
Medical School:  University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health (2012-2016)
PGY-1: Gundersen Lutheran Medical Foundation (2016-2017)

Residents Starting July 2018

Reza Alizadeh, MD
College:  National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents (NODET) (1999-2000)
Medical School:  MD, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS), Iran (2000-2007)
Ophthalmology:  Khatam Eye Hospital, MUMS (2009-2013)
PGY-1: University of Arizona College of Medicine - Tucson (2017-2018)

Gabriel Scott, MD
College
:  BS, University of Texas-El Paso (2008-2012)
Medical School:  Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center-El Paso (2013-2017)
PGY-1: Tucson Hospitals Medical Education Program (THMEP) (2017-2018)

Residents Photo

The University of Arizona

Founded in 1885, The University of Arizona is ranked by the National Science Foundation as one of the top 25 academic universities in the nation. It is Arizona’s Land Grant university.

A member of the prestigious Association of American Universities, the UA annually receives more than $160 million in outside grants. Nearly one-third of this amount is generated by the College of Medicine. The University is known for its achievements in archeology, arid land studies, astronomy, biotechnology, classics, dendrochronology, material science, music, neuroscience, optical science, philosophy, planetary science, sociology, and speech and hearing sciences.

The UA’s 3,100 faculty members serve over 43,000 students in 134 undergraduate, 141 masters, and 99 doctoral programs. The University’s 11 colleges and 8 schools are located on a grassy 334-acre campus in the heart of Tucson, several blocks south of the Arizona Health Sciences Center.

In addition to the vast research and educational facilities, the University also offers students and the community a variety of entertainment, cultural, educational, and artistic opportunities through Centennial Hall, Arizona Center for Creative Photography, the Grace H. Flandrau Planetarium, the Arizona State Museum, the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum, the Mineral Museum, and The University of Arizona Museum of Art.

To promote physical fitness among students, faculty, and staff, the University recently built a multimillion dollar Recreation Center that offers a 7,000  sq.ft. exercise room with state-of-the-art weight equipment, squash courts, 3,000 sq.ft. of aerobics, Olympic-sized outdoor pool, 14 racquetball courts, and an indoor track.

The UA is also the home of the Wildcat basketball, football, and baseball teams. UA athletics rank among the nation’s top 10 total sports programs. The UA organizes intercollegiate teams in 8 men’s and 9 women’s sports.


College of Medicine

In 1962, the Arizona Board of Regents granted authorization to The University of Arizona to develop a College of Medicine. Ground was broken in May 1966 for the Basic Sciences Building, which was completed in September 1967 and was occupied that same month by the 32 students of the first class. In May 1971, the MD degree was granted to the members of the first graduating class and several thousand physicians have graduated since. The College of Medicine presently has an enrollment of nearly 500 medical students. In addition, the College of Medicine sponsors over 55 graduate medical education programs training over 700 residents and fellows annually. The Arizona Health Sciences Center complex consists of several interconnected buildings on a 30-acre site on the north end of the main campus.


History of the Department

The Department is one of the youngest in the College of Medicine.  The Department of Ophthalmology was founded on July 1, 1982.  Prior to that time, it was a section within the Department of Surgery.  The first ophthalmologist to join the full-time faculty in 1973 was Harold E. Cross, MD, PhD, who served as Section Chief.  The residency program opened December 1973 with one resident, Dr. Lee Smalley, and Dr. Alan Crebo was added as the second first year resident in July 1974. Thereafter, two residents were recruited each year.

In 1979, Jonathan Herschler, MD replaced Dr. Cross as Section Chief, and in February 1982 following the Regents' approval of the Department, Dr. Herschler was made the first Administrative Head of the Department of Ophthalmology.  In 1984, Albert Potts, MD became Acting Head of the Department, and in 1985, Barton L. Hodes, MD was appointed as Department Head.  In 1989, Robert W. Snyder, MD, PhD was appointed Acting Head.  Following a national search, Dr. Snyder was appointed Head of the Department of Ophthalmology in July 1991.

In 1991, Joseph M. Miller, MD, MPH was appointed Director of the Residency Program.  His highest priority was to establish a solid educational opportunity for the residents.  In 2003, Robert I. Park, MD was appointed as Director of the Residency Program.  Since 1991 and with the addition of new faculty members, there has been a greater emphasis on excellence in clinical care within the Department.  In 2002, Dr. Noecker was named as Associate Chair for Clinical Activities, with Dr. Snyder refocusing his efforts on research and development and the creation of a University of Arizona Center of Excellence. After 15 years as Head, Dr. Snyder stepped down in 2004, and Dr. Joseph Miller was appointed Head. Lynn Polonski, MD was named Associate Chair for Clinical Activities and W. Daniel Stamer, PhD, as Vice Head for Research. In 2005, the Department was renamed the Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science. When Dr. Park resigned in 2007, Richard Ober, MD, was appointed as Director of the Residency Program. In July 2013, Dr. Richard Ober resigned as UA Program Director (in anticipation of retirement), and Dr. Patrick Tsai was appointed Program Director. In August 2016, Dr. Tsai joined a private practice and Dr. Joseph Miller became Interim Program Director.

In 2008, the Department was approved for a residency program at UPH Hospital at Kino, and Dr. Joseph Miller was Program Director. Four residents started the program in July 2009; with two PGY-2 residents recruited each of the following years. In June 2010, the first resident graduated. In August 2010, Dr. Todd Altenbernd was appointed as the Program Director. In July 2011, the program began with a full complement of six residents.

Alumni

Alumni

Post-Residency Position

Location

2017

Claudia Prospero Ponce, MD

Neuro-ophthalmology
    and Oculoplastics
    Fellowship

 

Houston Methodist, Houston, TX

William Stevenson, MD

Surgical Retina Fellowship

Ohio State University, Columbus

2016

Clara Choo, MD

Glaucoma Fellowship

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

 

Whitney Smith, MD

Refractive Fellowship

Updegraff Laser Vision, St. Petersburg, FL

 

Practice

Coeur d'Alene, ID

2015

Fatimah Gilani, MD

Medical Retina Fellowship

Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, Northwell/LIJ Hospital, New York

 

Practice

Toronto, Canada

 

William McSwain, MD

Practice

Bradenton, FL

2014

Shivi Agrawal, MD

Cornea and Anterior
    Segment Fellowship

Practice

 

Price Vision Group, Indianapolis, IN

 

Phoenix, AZ

Deepak Sobti, MD

Oculoplastics and
    Reconstructive Surgery/
   Neuro-ophthalmology
    Fellowship
Practice

University of Texas Southwestern



Arlington, TX

2013

Lorna Grant, MD

Medical Retina Fellowship
Practice

University of Iowa
Utica, NY

 

Ami Shah, MD

Oculoplastics and
    Reconstructive Surgery/
    Neuro-ophthalmology
    Fellowship
Practice

Ohio State University



Round Rock, TX

2012

Matthew Feng, MD

Cornea and Anterior

    Segment Fellowship
Practice

Price Vision Group, Indianapolis, IN

 

Indianapolis, IN

 

Thiripurasundari Pugazhendhi, MBBS

Glaucoma Fellowship

VA/Academic Practice

University of Nebraska-Omaha
Tucson, AZ

2011

Carmen Felix-Tacoronte, MD

Cornea and Refractive
    Surgery Fellowship
Practice

Boston Eye Group

Tucson, AZ

2010

Leslie Garay, MD

Cornea and Refractive
    Surgery Fellowship
Practice

University of California-San Diego

Honolulu, HI


Tucson and Arizona

Tucson is a unique community that combines Indian, Spanish, Mexican, and pioneer influences with the cultural offers of a modern cosmopolitan center and breathtaking scenic beauty.

Located in a desert valley surrounded by mountain ranges, Tucson is part of the Sonoran Desert. Days here are warm; nights are mild year-round. With an average of 314 days of sunshine each year, Tucson is an ideal setting for bicycling, tennis, golf, swimming, and running. For those who prefer winter sports, the southern-most ski area in the United States lies just an hour’s drive away in the majestic Catalina Mountains, which rise 9,300 feet. The mountains around Tucson attract climbers, hikers, cyclists, equestrians, picnickers, skiers, and both amateur and professional plant and animal observers. Many visitors are surprised at the lushness of the Sonoran Desert, which is home to hundreds of varieties of endemic cacti, trees, and animals. In spring, the desert may be carpeted with wildflowers, and the summer rainy season brings dramatic lightning displays.

The metropolitan area, with a population of over 800,000, boasts symphony, opera and light opera companies, ballet, theater, zoo, museums of art, natural history and Arizona history, the world-famous Sonora Desert Museum, and other attractions. In the Tucson area are San Xavier Del Bac Mission, Kartchner Caverns, Biosphere, and Tubac, the oldest European settlement in Arizona. In addition, there are the year-round musical, theatrical, educational, and scientific presentations of The University of Arizona.

Nearby are two major astronomical exploration centers: Kitt Peak, which houses one of the world’s largest solar telescopes, and Mt. Hopkins, where the Smithsonian Institution has established the first of a new generation of multiple-mirror stellar telescopes. State and national parks, forests, wilderness areas, Sabino Canyon, and the Saguaro National Monuments are within easy reach of Tucson.

Tucson has excellent educational facilities. In addition to The University of Arizona, Pima Community College serves 25,000 students. Seven public school districts serve the Tucson area, as well as many private and parochial schools.

A few famous Arizona sites include the Grand Canyon; the red rocks of Sedona; Oak Creek Canyon; Tombstone, the western town "too tough to die"; and the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument.



For further information about the residency program, contact:

          Pat Broyles
          Program Coordinator
          (520) 322-3800 ext. 202
          FAX: (520) 321-3665
          email:  pbroyles@eyes.arizona.edu

 
<a href="http://www.uph.org">Banner-University
Medical Center South </a>